Forestry forms and documents
- Strategic documents
- Research documents and / reports
- Reports on project and programmes undertaken
State of the Forests Report: 2018 South Africa
This report, the State of the Forests Report (2018) is the fifth edition prepared to meet the requirements of section 6(3) of the National Forests Act of 1998 (Act No. 84 of 1998). It is a mandatory triennial report seeking to present facts and trends on forests in the country and it covers the years 2016, 2017 and 2018 but overlaps slightly into 2019, particularly on matters pertaining to Regional and International Cooperation. The report further provides challenges (existing and emerging) which pose a serious risk to the existence, stability and sustainability of forest resources. These include (a) the perceived reluctance from forestry companies to embrace and implement transformation in the sector; (b) the slow pace of land restitution and redistribution; (c) wildfires and pests and diseases;(d) the regulatory environment for commercial forestry which is perceived as hostile by the industry; (e) recommissioning and refurbishment of State plantations; and (f) high levels of timber theft and criminal activities in the
Urban greening strategy: a guideline for community forestry staff and discussion document for external stakeholders
Urban greening is an integrated approach to the planting, care and management of all vegetation in cities, towns, townships and informal settlements in urban and peri-urban areas. Urban greening in South Africa includes townships and informal settlements specifically because in the past these areas were disadvantaged in terms of planning for parks as well as tree planting in streets and open spaces.
A woodland strategy framework
The role of the Department in terms of woodlands have long been discussed and questioned. The National Forest Act and the White Paper on Sustainable Forest Development clearly indicate that woodlands are included in the national forestry policy. This document takes one step further in outlining what practically should be done to implement the policy in terms of woodlands. It provides broad outlines of programmes and functions that would be required and point out where woodlands should be incorporated into existing functions and programmes of the Department as well as where new functions should be established.
Systematic conservation planning for the forest biome of South Africa: Approach, methods and results of the selection of priority forests for conservation action.
This document has two broad goals: firstly, to present the principles, approach and results of a systematic conservation plan for the forest biome, and secondly, to provide the computer based information systems developed for indigenous forest conservation planning. This work has been commissioned by the UK Department for International Development on behalf of the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry. The target audience include forest scientists, managers, conservationists, regulators, and administrators involved with indigenous forests in South Africa. The aim of conservation planning is the selection of priority planning units for conservation action. In the narrow sense, this implies inclusion of those areas, identified by systematic planning as being highly irreplaceable, and essential for inclusion within a protected area network for achieving targets. In the broader sense, conservation action may include a range of different activities, both inside and out side of protected areas.
Forest management (FMU) level principles, criteria, indicators and standards
Natural forests must not be destroyed save in exceptional circumstances, where in the opinion of the Minister, a proposed new land use is preferable in terms of its economic, social or environmental benefits [NFA 3(3)(a)]. The participation of all interested and affected parties in environmental governance must be promoted and all people must have the opportunity to develop the understanding, skills and capacity necessary for achieving equitable and effective participation by vulnerable and disadvantaged persons must be ensured [NEMA 2(f)].
National level: Forest management (FMU) level principles, criteria, indicators and standards
Natural forests must not be destroyed save in exceptional circumstances, where in the opinion of the Minister, a proposed new land use is referable in terms of its economic, social or environmental benefits [NFA 3(3)(a)]. Forests must be developed and managed so as to promote the fair distribution of their economic, social, health and environmental benefits [NFA3 (3) c (iii)]. Forests must be developed and managed so as to advance persons or categories of persons disadvantaged by unfair discrimination [NFA 3 (3) c (vii)].
Agroforestry strategy framework for South Africa.
This strategy framework provides a summary of the literature review and policy review, followed by a summary of the key issues paper, highlighting key challenges for agroforestry development. The strategy framework provides a vision for agroforestry proposes a working definition of agroforestry for South Africa and defines key principles that should inform thinking when implementing the strategy. The strategy itself, which is made up of three themes: Creating the Enabling Environment, Knowledge Development and Putting Agroforestry into Practice. For each strategic theme there are a number of goals and for each goal, a set of objectives that are necessary for each goal to be achieved. Associated with the strategy is the implementation plan which provides detail on key actions and outputs from the strategy. Included in the implementation plan are indicators against which progress with implementing the strategy can be monitored.
Companion to the draft forest sector transformation charter: first draft for presentation to stakeholders
The Forest Sector makes a major contribution to the South African economy. The commercial plantation resource of some 1.33 million hectares forms the basis for a well-developed, highly integrated and diversified forest products industry in South Africa. The fibre sub-sector is dominated by a small number of large, corporate enterprises that are involved in the capital-intensive pulp, paper and composite board industries. These industries are characterised by their backward linkages into plantation forestry, motivated by the need to secure reliable roundwood supply. These, together with a small number involved in saw milling, own 58.8% of the plantation forest resource. A larger number of medium and emerging enterprises is located in the sub-sectors of growers, forestry contractors, sawmilling, pole treatment, charcoal manufacturing and paper processing.
Draft strategy: Framework for forestry enterprise development
The purpose of this paper is to present a draft FED strategy framework that sets out broad guidelines for FED support and identifies priority strategy themes to be developed further as a separate strategy initiatives. FED requires the active support of a number of role-players, ranging from land holding communities and small-scale entrepreneurs to private sector companies and different government agencies. Therefore the draft strategy presented in this paper is not intended to be a departmental strategy, but as a sector strategy in which the department plays a leading role. Obviously, such a strategy would need to be developed in consultation with the various role-players. This draft strategy framework, together with the companion Key Issues Paper on Forest Enterprise Development is presented as a first step by the department in developing an FED strategy.
Eastern Cape biodiversity conservation plan (ECBCP)
This Handbook contains a short description of how the ECBCP biodiversity priorities were identified, an explanation of the land use guidelines in the ECBCP, and userfriendly guidelines for using the electronic decision support system of the ECBCP. More information is available from the ECBCP Technical Report (Berliner, D. & Desmet, P. 2007). The ECBCP addresses the urgent need to identify and map critical biodiversity areas and priorities for conservation in the Province. It also provides land use planning guidelines, recommending biodiversity-friendly activities in priority areas. The ECBCP is intended for use by technical users and decision-makers in the spheres of planning, development and environment. Mapped information can be used both reactively and strategically to guide future development away from sensitive and priority biodiversity areas.
Methods and procedures for the selection of champion trees in South Africa for protection in terms of the National Forests Act of 1998 (Act 84 of 1998)
This report deals with assigning special status to extraordinary single trees and groups of trees in South Africa, here referred to as ‘Champion’ trees. The report proposes an objective methodology for determining champion status. Biological attributes, age of tree and heritage significance are the key parameters for evaluating champion status. Legal provisions elsewhere are also a key consideration in the methodology. The report also spells out a process by which stakeholders can suggest certain trees that should be on the champion tree list (application process), as well as evaluation procedures for the technical review of the champion tree list.
State of forests report
The purpose of this report is: to provide the public with information with which to assess progress in achieving SFM; to provide policy makers with a report as required under the NFA, Part 2, section 6(3); to report on forestry progress in translating the Manifesto, a solemn declaration by the government of its intentions and medium term strategic framework (MTSF), a framework to guide government’s programme in the electoral
- A collation and overview of research information on acacia erioloba (camelthorn) and identification of relevant research gaps to inform protection of the species, 31 August 2003. [PDF 260 kb]
- Assessment of the livelihoods importance of forestry, forests and forest products in South Africa, September 2004. [PDF 313.8 kb]
- Baseline study on woodlands in South Africa, 2002, February 01. [PDF - 353.15 kb]
- A collation and overview of research Information on boscia albitrunca (shepherd’s tree) and identification of relevant research gaps to inform protection of the species, 18 August 2003. [PDF - 93.3 kb]
- Do we understand the causes of bush encroachment in African savannahs' ? 24 January 2005. [PDF - 243.69 kb]
- Classification system for South African indigenous forests, April 2003. [PDF - 15.04 mb]
- A collation and overview of research information on combretum imberbe warwa (combretaceae) and identification of relevant research gaps to inform protection of the species, 06 August 2003. [PDF - 119 kb]
- Outline of woodlands types. [PDF - 20.2 kb]
- Declared list of champion trees, November 2012. [PDF - 294 KB]
- Briefing 1: Trade in large or small scale saw milling in South Africa, January 2005. [PDF - 383 kb]
- Briefing 2: Manufactured timber products, January 2005. [PDF - 354 kb]
- Briefing 4: The timber pole market, January 2005. [PDF - 370 kb]
- Briefing 5: Trade in medicinal plants, January 2005. [PDF - 399 kb]
- Briefing 6: Trade in Forest ferns and foliage. Forestry sub-sector studies, January 2005. [PDF - 477 kb]
- Briefing 7: Processing and trade in indigenous fruits, January 2005. [PDF - 488 kb]
- Briefing 8: Trade in boletus mushrooms, January 2005. [PDF - 367 kb]
- Briefing 9: The honey trade. Forestry sub-sector studies, January 2005. [PDF - 357 kb]
- Forestry transportation requirements plan, July 2017. [PDF - 21.44 mb]
- Eastern Cape forestry sector profile, June 2008. [PDF 710.46 kb]
- Key issues paper on forestry enterprise development, January 2005. [PDF - 274.03 kb]
- Case studies in South Africa: participatory forest management, September 2005. [PDF - 10.24 mb]
- South African forest industry market analysis, 29 June 2005. PDF - 631.72 kb]
- The development of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) report for the zone of afforestation potential in the Eastern Cape: scoping report, 30 June 2005. [PDF - 3.45 mb]
- Draft: The development of strategic environmental assessment report of afforestation in water management area 12, covering northern and eastern parts of the Eastern Cape Province, 29 August 2005. [PDF - 11.28 mb]
- Study of supply and demand of industrial round wood in South Africa; a sub-sectroal analysis
- Statistics report: Commercial timber resources and primary round wood processing in South Africa.
- 2018/2019 [PDF - 1.44 mb]
- 2017/2018 [PDF - 1.44 mb]
- 2016/2017 [PDF - 1.43 mb]
- 2015/2016 [PDF - 1.4 mb]
- 2014/2015 [PDF - 463.72 kb]
- 2013/2014 [PDF - 464.01 kb]
- 2012/2013 [PDF - 467.13 kb]
- 2011/2012 [PDF - 516.27 kb]
- 2008/2009 [PDF - 327 kb]
- 2007/2008 [PDF - 382 kb]
- 2005/2006 [PDF - 786.9 kb]
- 2004/2005 [PDF - 582.83 kb]
- 2003/2004 [PDF - 367.09 kb]
- 2002/2003 [PDF - 1.45 mb]
- 2001/2002 [PDF - 851.74 kb]
- 2000/2001 [PDF - 782.67 kb]
- National veldfire risk assessment: analysis of exposure of social, economic and environmental assets to veldfire hazards in South Africa, March 2010. [PDF - 5.59 mb]
- Appendices [PDF - 576.22 kb]
- Draft key issue paper on forestry and poverty in South Africa, June 2005. [PDF - 510.55 kb]
- Draft discussion document. Protected area system planning for indigenous forests of South Africa: policy, core issues, objectives and targets, September 2005. [PDF - 58.76 kb]
- Assessment of the Gauteng firewood market and the origin of protected tree firewood products sold, 21 September 2007. [PDF - 989.11 kb]
- Part I: The contribution, costs and development opportunities of the forestry, timber, pulp and paper industries in South Africa, 29 June 2005. [PDF - 1.02 mb]
- Trends in the incidence of poverty in district municipalities with significant areas of forests and plantations, 30 September 2005. [PDF - 200.42 kb]
- A review of the veld fires in the Western Cape during 15 to 25 January 2000: toward improved veldfire management in South Africa. Report to the minister, 30 September 2005. [PDF - 857.49]
- Supply and demand study of softwood sawlog and sawn timber in South Africa, 05 April 2005. [PDF - 2.63 mb]
- Key issue paper for a policy on transfers of state owned industrial plantations, 04 February 2005. [PDF - 1.33 kb]
- Forestry change programme: Business process analysis report forestry transfers process. Version 5.0. [PDF - 165.95 kb]
- Developing criteria and a framework for the application of legislation on the protection of indigenous tree species: workshop proceedings and papers, 26 - 27 October 2000. [PDF - 153.61 kb]
- BBBEE Charter progress report, April 2006. [PDF - 19.5 kb]
- Forestry development workshop proceedings, 14 – 15 August 2008. [PDF - 122.12 kb]
- Progress report: protected area planing for natural forests. Social, cultural and economic considerations for natural forest protected area selection. [PDF - 198.5 kb]
- Fire Protection Association annual report for the financial year 2009/10. [PDF - 1.15 mb]
- The Knysna fires: 12 days of service. Young men and women from the Department of Environmental Affairs’ Working on Fire - this is their story. [PDF - 3.64 mb]
- South Africa’s National Forestry Action Programme, 1 September 1997. [PDF - 15..9 mb]
- A review on the National Forestry Action Programme. [PDF - 510.36 kb]
- Forest protected area classification: progress report, 4 July 2003. [PDF - 121.07 kb]
- Protected area planning for the forest biome. [PDF 16.46 kb]
Course module: Achieving sustainable forest management: The principles, criteria, indicators and standards – a framework. Presented by: Karen Kirkman, August 2005.
Module 1: Development and implementation. [PDF - 909.78 kb]
Module 2: defining principles, criteria and indicator standards. [PDF - 443.04 kb]
Module 3: Guidance for forest managers. [PDF - 729 kb]
Module 4: Operating procedures. [PDF - 631.76 kb]
Module 5: Auditing guidance and template. [PDF - 614.29 kb]
Module 6: Auditor training for second party audits. [PDF - 893.39 kb]
- Introduction to participatory forest management. [PDF - 80.92 kb]
- Systematic protected area planning for the forest biome:Implications for PFM. [PDF- 758.06 kb]
- Report back: protected area system planning for natural forests. [PDF - 875.8 kb]
Abstract of South African forestry facts
• A special bulletin for anyone who is setting up or helping an fire protection association (FPA). It is available in English and Afrikaans, and has information and guidelines about a host of issues you need to know if you are starting or in an FPA.
Trees of the year: 2000 - 2020
• To help increase public awareness of just a few of the 2,000 indigenous tree species in South Africa, every Arbor Week celebration will highlight two specific trees; one common and one rare species. In the list below the more common tree is named first.
• Tree species protected in terms of Section 12(d) of the National Forests Act No. 84 of 1998. Listed in an alphabetical order.
Wall chart: Protected trees of South Africa
• In terms of the National Forests Act of 1998 certain tree species (types of trees) can be identified and declared as protected. Protective actions take place within the framework of the Act as well as national policy and guidelines. Trees are protected for a variety of reasons, and some species require strict protection while others require control over harvesting and utilisation.
» download publication (PDF)
Champion trees of South Africa
• South Africa is blessed with a rich heritage of trees. The Champion Tree Project is aimed at identifying and protecting individual trees of national conservation importance under the National Forests Act of 1998. Trees can be nominated on the basis of their size, age, aesthetic value, cultural-historic value or importance for tourism.
» download publication (PDF)
Acts and regulations
Woodlands and indigenous forest management
- Forestry Laws Amendment Act, 2005 (No. 35 of 2005) [G26082 – Vol 485]
- National Forest and Fire Laws Amendment Act, 2001 (No. 12 of 2001) [G 22479 – Vol 433]
- National Forest Act, 1998: Regulations on the National Forest Act (No.84 of 1998) ([G 32185 – GoN 466]
- National Forests Act, 1998(No.84 of 1998) [G 19408 – Vol 400]
- National Veld and Forest Fire Act, 1998 (No.101 of 1998) [G 19515 – Vol 401]
- Woodlands and indigenous forest management
Guidelines and policies
- Woodlands and indigenous forest management
- Policy and Strategic Framework for Participatory Forest Management: 04 August 2004.
- Summit pamphlet: Participatory Forest Management: Policy and practice in South Africa.
- National Forests Act, 1998 (Act No 84 of 1998) and National Veld and Forest Fire Act, 1998 (No.101 of 1998): Compliance and enforcement policy, 12 October 2005.
- Key issue paper for a policy on transfers of state owned industrial plantations: 2004.
- Draft policy on financial support to fire protection associations and to owners who prepare firebreaks on international boundaries. 11 February 2002.
- Policy on the formation of umbrella fire protection associations, 2003.
- Policy regarding access to state forests for outdoor recreation, education, culture or spiritual purposes. 30 September 2005.
- Policy principles and guidelines for control of development affecting natural forests. 06 September 2010.
- Access to state forests for recreation, education, cultural or spiritual fulfilment: general rules and conditions. 30 September 2005.
- Policy on exemptions from the duty to prepare and maintain firebreaks in terms of section 14 Of the National Veld and Forest Fire Act: Draft 3, 25 June 2003.
Small scale forestry
- Charter council.
- Final draft: Forest transformation charter, November 2007.
- Work plan for developing forest sector transformation charter, Version 2: 4 August 2005.
- BBBEE charter undertakings: Streamline and expedite afforestation licensing procedures.
- Forestry enterprise support model.
- Forestry enterprise project scorecard.
- Framework for the forest sector charter document.
- Participatory forest management guide 1: Legal options for community partnerships with DEFF.
- Participatory forest management guide 2: Formation of PFM forums and committees.
- Participatory forest management guide 3: Logical framework approach to project planning: preparing and documenting a project.
- Participatory forest management guide 4: Financial management of projects.
- Participatory forest management guide 5: Fund raising for projects.
- Participatory forest management guide 6: Sustainable resource use.
- Participatory forest management guide 7: Project monitoring and evaluation.
- Participatory forest management guide 8: stakeholder participation.
- Participatory forest management project template.
- Composition, powers and mandate and work programme for sub-sector working groups of the forest sector charter steering committee.
Forestry regulation and oversight
- Guide to the interpretation and implementation of the National Veld and Forest Fire Act No. 101 of 1998. Version 3, 6 January 2005.
- Guidance notes: forestry statistics survey, 2004/2005.
- Work plan for developing forest sector transformation charter, Version 4: 30 March 2006.
- Champion trees of South Africa: Individual trees and groups of trees declared as protected under section 12 of the National Forests Act of 1998. 2013 October 14.
- Tree with the largest stem diameter in South Africa.
- Tree with the largest crown, 2019.
- Fast-wood forestry: myths and realities.
- Fire protection association (FPA) registration and reporting business processes, 2005 September 30.
- Framework for the National Forestry Action Programme, March 2005.
- National veldfire risk classification: March 2010.
- The South African criteria, indicators and management goals for sustainable forest management: draft 05 for comment, September 2015.
Woodlands and indigenous forest management
Small scale forestry
- Forestry regulation and oversight
- National Forests Act, 1998 (Act No. 84 of 1998): Invitation to submit written comments on the proposed list of particular trees and particular groups of trees champion trees [G 41811 – GN 430].
- National Forests Act, 1998 (Act No. 84 of 1998): Notice of the list of protected tree species [G 38215 – GoN 908]