World Rhino Day / Month 2016 coincides with South African Heritage Day / Month

Event date: 
2016-09-01 13:27 to 2016-09-30 13:27


Introduction and background


South Africa has a proud conservation record, having brought the rhino back from near extinction in the 1960s to a healthy estimated 20 000 black and white rhino by the end of 2013.  South Africa is home to more than 80% of the world’s rhino population, and 93% of Africa’s rhino.  

South Africa’s successful and proud rhino conservation track record may be considered as one of the reasons why South Africa has attracted poachers that operate with military precision in the execution of their raids.  As one of the last viable rhino populations in the world, the rhino population in South Africa is vulnerable.

South Africa has been described as the only remaining hope for the world in terms of rhino conservation.  It is a reputation that the country, and Government, wishes to maintain. The South African Government recognises that poaching is part of a multi-billion dollar worldwide illicit wildlife trade. Addressing the scourge is not simple. That is why we will continue to strengthen holistic and integrated interventions and explore new innovative options to ensure the long-term survival of the species.

Communities living adjacent to national parks, state and privately-owned conservation areas, as well as private rhino owners, rely on the rhino, as a key member of the Big Five, as a source of income and job creation. 

The rhino is an important part of South Africa’s cultural, economic and natural heritage. 


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Government strategic interventions in the fight against rhino poaching


Cabinet approved the Integrated Strategic Management of Rhinoceros in South Africa in August 2014.

The key aspects of this program are:

  • managing rhino populations
  • compulsory interventions (proactive anti-poaching measures)
  • international and national collaboration and cooperation
  • long-term sustainability measures

Significant progress has been made with regards to the implementation of the interventions. 

This has included the publication for public comment of the Biodiversity Management Plan for White Rhinoceros in the Government Gazette in March 2015;  successful translocation of rhinoceros from unsafe and high risk areas in the Kruger National Park to safe zone and the Intensive Protection Zone in the Park;  and the finalisation of tenders received to purchase an estimated 200 rhino from the Kruger National Park which will be moved to safer areas with the aim of augmenting the rhino population and establishing viable breeding herds outside of the Park.

Compulsory interventions have resulted in an increasing number of arrests of poachers, while joint operations by SANParks, the SAPS and SANDF have been augmented by the use of advanced technology, the donation of forensic trailers for field work, improved and enhanced training, greater coordination with sister departments resulting in more successful convictions as well as the deployment of the Green Scorpions at ORTIA as a first step to the  placement of compliance officials at all points of entry and exit to ensure compliance with NEMBA, TOPS Regulations and CITES requirements.

National and international collaboration has included the signing of an MOU in the field of Biodiversity and Conservation with Cambodia, the conclusion of an Implementation Plan to the MOUs concluded with China in the fields of Wetland and Desert Ecosystems and Wildlife Conservation, the finalisation of an Implementation Plan to the MOU signed with Mozambique, the implementation of joint operations and programmes with Mozambique and Vietnam to combat rhino poaching, as well as work with international, regional and African partners through AMCEN, ICCWC, Interpol and the Kasane Wildlife Conference to address transnational wildlife crime.

Long term measures have included the appointment of a Committee of Inquiry to investigate the feasibility, or not, of a legal rhino horn trade ahead of the 17th Conference of Parties to CITES in Johannesburg in 2016.  Measures to increase community awareness of rhino poaching and commitment to addressing the scourge, while improving the lives of those living adjacent to rhino and other wildlife conservation areas have also been enhanced. 


Commemoration of  Rhino Month and World Rhino Day


September marks Rhino Month in the environment sector and it conincides with World Rhino Day, which is commemorated every year on 22 September. World Rhino Day was introduced by WWF-South Africa in 2010 to celebrate all five species of rhino – the black rhino, white rhino, greater one-horned, Sumatran and Javan rhinos.

The aims of focusing attention on the plight of the rhino is to raise public awareness of particularly poaching, anti-poaching operations and successes;  the economic and cultural value of rhino as a part of South Africa’s heritage; and responsible citizenry through the reporting of wildlife and rhino crimes to the authorities, and the rewards linked to successful arrests and prosecutions.

The Department of Environmental Affairs hopes that World Rhino Day will enhance local community and South African citizens’ confidence in the work being done by the government to address rhino poaching.


Theme and messages

green line


The public is encouraged to blow the whistle on rhino poaching and any related wildlife crimes.  Members of the public, no matter where you are, know someone who is aware of someone who is involved in crime.  The public are encouraged to take responsibility for the rhino as a symbol of the crimes being perpetrated against the environment and wildlife in general, and stand up and shout Not on our watch!

By taking hands and working together we, as South Africans, will win the war on rhino poaching.


Progress in fight against poaching


Minister Edna Molewa highlights progress in the fight against rhino poaching, 11 September 2016

The Minister of Environmental Affairs today, 11 September 2016, released a statement of report back on progress in the implementation of the Integrated Strategic Management of Rhinoceros.

The period under review covers the period 1 May 2016 through 31 August 2016. This is the Department’s third report-back to the nation on the Integrated Strategic Management approach for this year.

The Department has taken the decision to release a statement in lieu of a media briefing owing to preparations for the upcoming 17th Conference of the Parties (COP17) to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) currently being underway. South Africa will host COP17 CITES at the Sandton Convention Center from 24th of September to 5th of October 2016. 

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Previous progress reports: • 08 May 2016 21 January 2016 26 November 201530 August 2015 • 22 January 2015






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